The Philippines Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (PH-EITI) has made history as the first and only EITI implementing Country to have made “Satisfactory Progress” – a term used to describe a Country that has achieved all the requirements contained in the EITI Standard.
The decision was taken by the Board of EITI in its meeting in Philippine in recognition of the country’s ability to use the EITI data to hold government to account, drive government reforms and generate public debate.
The Validation report stated that Philippines presents a dynamic case of EITI implementation, with its fast-paced and innovative multi-stakeholder group engaging in strategic discussions linking the EITI to national priorities for the extractive sector.
As contained in the report, Philippines went above the minimum nine (9) requirements, particularly in disclosing information on the legal and fiscal framework, contracts, revenue management, revenue expenditure and social expenditures.
The report also showed that PH-EITI effectively used the EITI standard to engage all its stakeholders in the extractive industries.
On the other hand, the EITI Board declared Zambia as having made “meaningful progress” in ensuring transparent management of its extractive sector. The decision highlighted how the EITI implementation in Zambia had “provided valuable information along the value chain, identified gaps and opportunities for strengthening monitoring of production, and improved the public understanding of the revenues generated from oil, gas and mining activities. This work is critical to tackling corruption and addressing tax evasion.”
The Board also took note of recent efforts by Zambia EITI to place beneficial ownership transparency on the government’s agenda by seeking to understand how to include provisions related to beneficial ownership disclosures in ongoing reforms.
However, a not too encouraging development was the suspension of Niger from the global EITI. The Board noted that the country needed to give more space to civil society participation in the implementation of EITI.
The EITI Validation report concluded that Niger had made “inadequate progress” or “no progress” on 14 EITI Requirements. Outstanding EITI requirements included transparent systems for license allocation, the lack of a comprehensive public license register, gaps between the government policy on contract transparency as mandated by the constitution and the practice of limited disclosure of contracts, amongst others.