- 2017 halted the decline in revenue witnessed since 2013.
Nigeria earned $21 billion from the oil and gas sector in 2017. The figure showed a 23% increase from the 2016 figures of $17.05 billion and 15% lower than 24.79 billion inflows recorded in 2015.
The information and data are contained in the 2017 oil and gas industry report released recently by the Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (NEITI) in Abuja.
A breakdown of the financial flows by revenue streams showed that crude oil and gas sales topped the table with about $10.19billion, while other financial flows accounted for about $10.13billion. Flows to other entities like the Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC), Nigeria Content Development Monitoring Board (NCDMB) etc were $669.05million.
The report noted a steady decline in year-on-year revenues from 2013 to 2016, with the sharpest drop of 55% in 2015 compared to the preceding year. The 2017 under review experienced a 23% increase in revenues 23% from $17.055billion in 2016 to $20.988billion in 2017 a halt from in the steady revenue decline the sector has experienced since 2013.
The significant increase in revenues when compared to the increase in production volumes was as a result of the increase in oil prices. In the year under review, average per barrel of price of crude oil was $54.44 as against the $43.73 in 2016, and this signifies an increase of 24.5%.
On production level, the report noted a marginal increase of 4.75% (690,465 mbbls) as against the 659,137mbbls produced in 2016 out of which a total of 688,291mmbls was lifted an increase from the 668,147mmbls lifted in 2016.
The report also showed that NNPC lifted a total of 241 million barrels (mbbls) of crude oil on behalf of the federation. A breakdown of the liftings shows that federation exports accounted for 135million barrels while the domestic crude liftings accounted for 106million barrels. The report further disclosed that the federation exports volume went down by 36% from 211mbbls in 2016 to 135mbbls in 2017.While liftings by the companies amounted to 447mbbls, joint venture operations, production sharing contracts and sole risk operators accounted for 130mbbls, 223mbbls and 79million barrels respectively. More so, marginal field and service contract operators lifted 15mbbls and 1mbbls during the year under review
On crude allocation for domestic use, the report indicated that NNPC allocated 105.925Mbbls for domestic use. While 25% of this quantity was supplied to the refineries, 69% was on the other hand utilised for the Direct Sales and Direct Purchase arrangement.
The report also showed that inflows from the Nigeria Liquefied Natural Gas as dividend, interest and loan repayment were $834million, a significant increase of 114% from the 2016 figures of $390million
However, one of the key findings of the report was that in spite of the improved performance of the oil and gas sector in 2017 when compared to 2016, the projected production volumes were not realized. The reduction in projected production figures was due to unscheduled maintenance and repair of equipment Other reasons for the reduction were deferred production due to turn around maintenance, vandalism and pipeline integrity issues.
On production arrangements in terms of volumes, joint venture (JVs) and production sharing contracts produced 305mbbls and 303mbbls. Others such as service contracts, marginal fields and sole risks accounted for the balance.
Sole Risk operations produced the highest percentage increase of 114%, and Marginal Field operations witnessed an increase of 32% in the year under review while PSC and SC operations suffered volume reductions of 6% and 31% respectively”.
The total gas production was 3,494,774mmscf from all arrangements, slightly higher than 2016 production of 3,051,249mmscf by 15%. The total volume of gas flared in 2017 increased by 23% and gas utilization saw a significant jump of 32% when compared to 2016 volumes.
The report also stated $8.474 billion was budgeted for Cash Call obligations, but only 49% or $4.13billion was paid as at January 2018. Similarly, out of the $5.125billion dollars negotiated as outstanding cash call liabilities for 2016, $2.177 billion was paid, therefore, leaving a balance of $2.948billion.
The 2017 NEITI report of sector noted a huge drop in crude oil theft, sabotage and deferred production. Nigeria lost about 36.5mbbls of crude oil to theft and sabotage and there was 69mbbls lost due to decrease in production volumes resulting from routine maintenances or unplanned repairs of the production facilities.
NEITI also noted that there was reduction in pipeline breaks in 2017 (924 breaks) when compared to the figures of the previous years (2013-3,571; 2014-3,732; 2015-2,832 and 2016-2,589 breaks).
From the findings of the report, it was recommended that DPR should investigate the non - payment of royalty and recover $594.38million from the affected companies. Seismic sensors should be installed along the pipeline network to alert security operatives on the activities around the pipelines in order to eliminate pipeline breaks, sabotage and product theft. Besides, the report revisited the recommendations made in reports of previous years.
2017 NEITI audit report of the oil and gas is the 9th for the extractive sector’s operations. The Report was conducted by SIAO & Partners, an indigenous accounting and auditing firm.